An irrigation system is a method for conveying water to a range where it is required, but not normally present in the required amounts. Generally, it is used for agriculture and landscaping purposes. The effectiveness of the irrigation is determined by a number of different factors, including the type of delivery system and the conditions at its time of use. The key to an effective irrigation system is to get as much water to the plants, or into the soil, as possible
After the landscape design, the next step is deciding on which type of automatic irrigation system will be installed. Systems usually come in two types: sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation. This can be done through fairly elaborate irrigation systems or through simple manual watering. Automatic irrigation systems will usually include some type of irrigation, such sprinkle irrigation and drip irrigation.
Sprinkler System is one of several ways, including subsurface or underground irrigation, drip irrigation, or surface irrigation, to successfully irrigate land or lawns. Most do-it- yourself sprinkler systems will incorporate a mix of both types of sprinkler heads to ensure proper and efficient lawn irrigation. An important tip for a sprinkler system installer to follow is to design the system so as many of the needed sprinkler heads as possible can be placed on as few pipes as necessary.
Drip Irrigation system is one of the most efficient and effective system in the world of irrigation in the areas of high water scarcity especially in the UAE and other Gulf states. In drip irrigation fertilizer and nutrient loss is minimized due to localized application and reduced leaching, water application efficiency is high if managed correctly, field leveling is not necessary, fields with irregular shapes are easily accommodated, recycled non-potable water can be safely used, moisture within the root zone can be maintained at field capacity, soil type plays less important role in frequency of irrigation, weed growth is lessened, water distribution is highly uniform, controlled by output of each nozzle, labor cost is less than other irrigation methods, variation in supply can be regulated by regulating the valves and drippers, fertigation can easily be included with minimal waste of fertilizers, foliage remains dry, reducing the risk of disease and usually operated at lower pressure than other types of pressurized irrigation, reducing energy cost.